A Pac-Man theory of motivation (Bowman, 1982)

Bowman, R. F. (1982). A Pac-Man theory of motivation. Tactical implications for classroom instruction. Educational Technology, 22(9), 14–17. In this article, Bowman discusses the intrinsic, extrinsic and “means-ends” motivational supports of video games and arcades, using Pac-Man as an example. Interviews with “arcadians” formed the basis of many of Bowman’s conclusions.