Cognitive Apprenticeship (Collins, Brown, Newman)

Collins, A., Brown, J.S., & Newman, S.E. (1989). Cognitive apprenticeship: Teaching the crafts of reading, writing, and mathematics. In L. B. Resnick (Ed.) Knowing, learning, and instruction: Essays in honor of Robert Glaser (pp. 453-494). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. The authors describe the cognitive apprenticeship model, which advocates a “master-apprentice” relationship for successful learning. … Continue reading

Situated Cognition and the Culture of Learning (Brown, Collins, Duguid)

Brown, J.S., Collins, A. and Duguid, P. (1989). Situated Cognition and the Culture of Learning. Educational Researcher. v18 n1, pp. 32-42. Knowledge is situated, a product of the activity, context, and culture of the community in which it is being used. Conventional schooling often ignores this view of knowledge, as well as the influence that … Continue reading